General Education in the UK
Like other countries in the world, education for children, "preschool" is a form of education which is not compulsory. The children can begin to participate in this program at age 3 or 4.
The education for children from 5 to 16 years, lasted about 12 years. Primary education from age 5 to 11 are divided into two grades are "infant" in 2 years and "junior" in 4 years. At age 7, began teaching students core subjects but are also encouraged to participate in extra-curricular subjects like Art, Computer Science or Music.
There are many schools providing secondary education for students aged from 11 to 16. Some of these schools are mixed schools (Comprehensive school - with a variety of programs and different time), technical schools (Technology College), schools specialized in programs which are focus on practical more than theories (modern secondary school) or specialized schools (Grammar school).
After receiving the GCSE diploma and having the results of five subjects from A * to C, student can register for post-secondary school program which lasts 2 years to have A-levels Certificate (General Certificate of Education Advanced Level ). The results of two years studying A-levels is the "entry ticket" to enter university.
Higher Education in the UK
There are many courses, spread across many fields and in many different times in the UK - an average from one to four years. You are completely free in selecting an appropriate learning strategy, you can learn from the University, beginning with courses HND or foundation degree in two years and then transfer to a university for a College degree. Or you can also study for an honored college degree specialized in a major to focus on that field, or studying two majors under the dual undergraduate degree.
Transfer to a University
Attendance at preparatory course / university transfer helps you erase gap (if any) between (the) degrees you have and the degrees required by the college or university in the UK you chose. This gap often exists because the students in many countries spend 12 years of schooling before they start college, but in England, Northern Ireland and Wales, students must complete in 13 years.
The Foundation courses are often related to work, career development which help in a variety of related career fields. Although it is an allowed-issued degree program after completing in the UK, it also can help student move forward to the 2nd or 3rd year of the College degree program. The general courses often take 2 years to study.
Courses in Universities
In England, Northern Ireland and Wales, college program or bachelor usually lasts 3 years and leads to honors degree program as a Bachelor of Communication or Bachelor of Business (Honours Bachelor's Degree). In Scotland, students must take three years to complete normal program (Bachelor's Degree) and 4 years to get honor degree (Honours Bachelor's Degree). The undergraduate program in Scotland is sometimes a master's degree (Master of Social Specialization, Master of Science or Master of English, etc.), depending on the traditions of each school.
With many university programs, the test results of the first year do not count towards the final classification program. The results of the 2nd year and 3rd year, in conjunction with points added for the graduate thesis (you may have to write one long thesis in the 3rd year), will constitute your final grade graduation. You usually have to choose a variety of subjects (modules), some are mandatory and some are optional, these options will constitute the curriculum in your daily course.
Almost organizations organizing the bachelor degree courses are an opportunity for you to learn from two or more subjects in the combined honors program or linked-degree. Combined degree program will cover various subjects which are not necessary to have the same density (eg Bachelor of Business Program in conjunction with French). Interwoven courses like the other degree programs, but they lasts more 1 year to gain the work experiences related to the courses. This usually means that the course lasted 4 years instead of 3 years as usual.
Studying Master's in the UK
In the UK, the word "postgraduate" is used for master's programs and doctoral studies. It usually comes for those students who already hold the College degree. There are four curriculum in the graduate education system in UK:
Pre-master courses are used for students who want to study a master's program, but the students feel that they need to improve their learning skills, their English or simply to adapt the Student's life. These courses usually last from 6 months to 1 year and most of them include training courses on methods of learning, research, computer skills, data analysis, interviews, search and document cited reference and essay writing.
Certificates and Diploma for Graduate Programs
There are many majors at this level. Usually this specialization diploma is accepted as professional qualifications in that field. Many postgraduate diploma has the same value as a master's degree, although you may not need to write a thesis. After completing some courses, you can transfer to a master's course.
Courses for Master’s Degree
There are two methods of studying for Master’s degree: study on class (taught program) or research.
- Study on class (Master of Literature, Master of Science, Master of Business Administration (MBA)): Masters programs generally include modules (subjects) taught in classroom, or research and essay writing with the guidance of the instructor - usually an expert in the field. This program lasts one year of formal learning.
- Master of research (Master of Research (MRes), Master (MPhil)): If you are attending a master's research program and not participating in the lectures and seminars, you will spend entire time on academic research. Some courses allow you to have some classes on classroom, but your final score will be based entirely on the quality of your essay.
Ph.D. Program is the most popular program. It often requires students to have an important project written by the students under the supervision of one or possibly two supervisors. While the PhD program is the most popular way to get a doctorate and professional doctorate and PhD in the form of "new path way" is also another popular choice and include teaching and researching. The entire time to complete the doctoral program can take from 5 to 8 years.